The phenomenon of nationality in our species is a subset of group identity. Group/social identity, in turn, goes back
thousands (and millions) of years, to all past human societies, pre-human primates, and social carnivores. Through
countless centuries and millenia of observational learning and intergenerational transfers, human heritages of
nationality (the most prestigious and sovereign of our social identities) have solidified into cultural heritages.
Nationality
in World History
traces the phenomenon of group identity from its pre-human evolutionary roots, to the prehistoric
development of uniquely human social characteristics, through the ancient,
medieval, and modern eras of world history.
From latter pre-history onwards, we identify three primary heritages
of nationality (sovereign group formation) in our
species.
These are:
the Kinship-Ethnic Heritage, the Territorial-Civic Heritage, and the Pastoral-Charismatic Dependency Heritage


CONTENTS:

 Nationality in World History                                                                                                                     805 pp          

Acknowledgments                                                                                                                                      i-ii        

Preface/Introduction                                                                                                                                 1-20       

Section One: Definitions and Theory (1)                                                                                                  21        

1. “What Is A Nationality?” (28)
                                                                                                             22-50

2. “Why Do We Create Nationalities?” (84)                                                                                         51-133

3. “How Have People Formed and Maintained Nationalities?” (36)                                               134-170

Section Two: How Have National Identities Evolved in European History? (2)                              170-171

4. “State Formation & Proto-Nationalities in the Ancient Near East” (70)                                      172-237

5. “Single and Multiethnic Nationalities in the Ancient Mediterranean” (94)                                238-332

6. “Rome, Venice, and the Third Nationality Cycle” (50)                                                                   333-383

7. “Portugal and Spain: From Pathfinders to Backwaters” (28)                                                       384-402

8. “Multiethnicity and the Making of English Nationality” (41)                                                        S in both directions. Viagra cost 'cogwheel' rigidity and 'leadpipe' rigidity are two types identified with parkinson's disease. generic viagra overnight delivery 'leadpipe' rigidity results when an increase in muscle tone causes a sustained resistance to passive movement throughout the whole range of motion, with no fluctuations. 'cogwheel' rigidity is a combination of leadpipe rigidity and tremor which presents as a jerky resistance to passive movement as muscles tense and relax. Viagra online Spasticity is a special form of rigidity that is present only at the start of passive movement. generic viagra overnight It is rate dependent and only elicited upon a high speed movement. viagra sample overnight These various forms of rigidity can be seen in different forms of movement disorders, such as parkinson's disease. Postural instability is the loss of ability to maintain an upright posture. See also akinetic mutism hypokinetic diseases hyperkinesia references ^ ^ o'sullivan, susan b. ; schmitz, thomas j. (2007). viagra fast delivery "parkinson's disease". Physical rehabilitation. viagra over night delivery 5. viagra overnight delivery Philadelphia: f. overnight usa order viagra online A davis company. Pp. viagra overnight delivery  856–857.   external links wemove. Viagra online without prescription Org/bradykinesia v t e pathology of the nervous system, primarily cns (g04–g47, 323–349) inflammation brain encephalitis (viral encephalitis, herpesviral encephalitis) â· cavernous sinus thrombosis â· brain abscess (amoebic) spinal cord myelitis: poliomyelitis â· demyelinating disease (transverse myelitis) â· tropical spastic paraparesis â· epidural abscess both/either encephalomyelitis (acute disseminated) meningoencephalitis brain/ encephalopathy degenerative extrapyramidal and movement disorders basal ganglia disease: parkinsonism (pd, postencephalitic, nms) â· pkan â· tauopathy (psp) â· striatonigral degeneration â· hemiballismus â· hd â· oa dyskinesia: dystonia (status dystonicus, spasmodic torticollis, meige's, blepharospasm) â· chorea (choreoathetosis) â· myoclonus (myoclonic epilepsy) â· akathesia tremor (essential tremor, intention tremor) â· restless legs â· stiff person dementia tauopathy: alzheimer's (early-onset) â· frontotemporal dementia/frontotemporal lobar degeneration (pick's, dementia with lewy bodies) multi-infarct dementia mitochondrial disease leigh's disease demyelinating autoimmune (multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, schilder's disease) â· hereditary (adrenoleukodystrophy, alexander, canavan, krabbe, ml, pmd, vwm, mfc, camfak syndrome) â· central pontine myelinolysis â· marchiafava-bignami disease â· alpers' disease episodic/ paroxysmal seizure/epilepsy focal â· generalised â· status epilepticus â· myoclonic epilepsy headache migraine (fami. Buy viagra without prescription 403-444

9. “First New Nation: Rise of the Dutch Model” (40)                                                                         445-485

10. “The Evolution of Russian National Identity” (33)                                                                       486-519

11. “The European Union: Supranational Unifier?” (29)                                                                   520-549

Section Three: How Have National Identities Evolved Beyond Europe? (2)                                  550-551

12. “The Yellow, the Yangtze, and the World’s Largest Nation” (34)                                              552-586

13. “The Origins of American National Identity” (35)                                                                         587-622

14. “The Limits of Rhetoric: Unifications and Articulations of Mexican Nationality” (31)             623-654

15. “Beyond Kinship: Nationality Through Tanzanian History” (26)                                                655-681

16. “Towards the Civic? Imperial and Modern India” (25)                                                               682-707

Conclusions and Notes:

17. Key Findings (40)                                                                                                                           
708-748

18. Lexicon (20)                                                                                                                                    749-769

   Index (35)                                                                                                                                         770-805
Bibliographies/References (in chapter)








Copyright 2008 Philip L. White and Michael L. White
Ethnic
Civic
Charismatic-Authoritarian
Nationality
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Primates:
monkeys
baboons
gorillas
chimpanzees
bonobos
Social Carnivores:
hyenas
lions
wild dogs
wolves
Anthropology:
a.afarensis
a.africanus
h.habilis
h.ergaster
h.erectus
h.heidelberg
h.neanderthal
h.sapiens sapiens (cro-magnons)
Prehistory:
hunter-gatherers
herders
farmers
Ancient- First Nationality Cycle:
Mesopotamia/Sumer
Ancient Egypt
Hebrews
Hittites
'Sea Peoples'
Ancient- Second Nationality Cycle:
Greeks  
Athens  
Sparta  
Roman kingdom  
Roman Republic  
Roman Empire  
'barbarians'  

Medieval Europe- Third Nationality Cycle:
Anglo-Saxons  
Post-Roman Gaul  
Byzantium  
Venetian Republic  
Christendom  

Early/Modern Europe:
Portugal  
Spain  
England & U.K.
Netherlands  
Russia  
European Union  

Beyond Europe:
Ancient China  
Early America  
Mexico  
Tanzania  
India  
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The History of a Social Phenomenon